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How to heal a bird’s wing

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For thousands of years, birds have been a source of fascination for human beings lacking the incredible gift, the sublime ability to make the sky a playground. Equipped with their flamboyantly colored wings, magnifying us with their beauty and their dizzying dance with the wind, we can only be blissfully admiring, we poor robbers of life nailed to the ground by the weight of gravity. In freedom, they don’t need anything or anyone to survive (just like any animal), but on certain occasions these paladins of the sky may need a human hand to come to their rescue, when too much twirling leaves them with a broken wing for example.

How do you treat a bird’s wing?

To care for a bird’s wing, it is important to follow several steps:

-Make sure the bird’s wing is well broken.
-Take the bird home.
-Take care of the bird: if there is blood, you must disinfect it, then apply a bandage.
-Take care of the injured bird during recovery.
-Return it to freedom.

This paragraph is only a quick introduction to the steps you need to follow to know how to care for a bird’s wing, we invite you to continue reading our article to find out how to care for a bird’s wing in depth.

Make sure the bird’s wing is broken

When a bird is injured it will not be able to fly and in some cases it will not be able to walk or stand on its feet for a long period. The first thing to do is to make sure that the wing is injured. You will be able to identify a broken wing by the way it rests on the bird’s body, it will fall a little lower and a little lower than its healthy wing.

There are different types of injuries, depending on the severity of the injury, the way of treating the broken wing will change. You should check for blood or fractures, you should observe the wing and try to handle it as little as possible, you should try to look for cracks in the skin, a fracture or dislocation. If you observe any of these signs, the wing is beautifully broken and the bird needs your help to heal itself.

Take the bird home with you

Unlike what happens with dogs and cats, birds do not trust human beings, if they have not been domesticated, they perceive us as predators, when you approach the bird it will see you as a threat, a danger. Knowing this, you must catch it and take it home safely so that you can treat it.

Ideally, you should be able to catch the bird with gloves, but we all know that no one carries a pair of gloves in their bag when they go shopping. So we recommend that you put a small towel, a T-shirt or any kind of cloth over it to prevent it from hurting you with its paws or beak. Wrap him as you can, being careful to leave his head out in the open and being very careful with his broken wing. As soon as possible, you will need to find a small crate with small holes in which to put the bird, which you will then take home safely.

Once at home if you have a small cage, it is ideal, if not, as it is temporary, a fairly large box with a small warm cloth in the bottom is more than enough. You must prevent other animals or small children from getting close to this small convalescent nest.

Heal the broken wing of the bird…

The care you will need to provide will depend on the injury the bird suffers. If the bird is bleeding, the first step is to disinfect and stop the bleeding. Clean the wound using a cotton swab or cotton wool soaked in hydrogen peroxide. To do this, gently pat the wing wound with your cotton swab.

Then you will need to apply an astringent powder to stop the bleeding. You can find this powder in veterinary shops, in addition to stopping the bleeding it has analgesic properties. Its effect is a little painful at first but it will be more than useful for large wounds. If you do not have astringent powder on hand, sprinkle the wound with cornstarch, it is essential to stop the bleeding because birds are small and bleed out quickly.

If it is only a small cut on the wing with very little blood, you will just have to disinfect the wound with a cotton swab so that the wound is healthy.

How do you bandage a broken wing?

Next, you will have to apply a bandage, both if it is an external injury and if there is a fracture. You will need a bandage and scissors. You must succeed in immobilizing the broken wing, roll up the bandage very carefully through what would be the armpit, then roll it widthwise, crossing the bird’s body and making a few turns on its chest. In this way its wing will be well held, you must put the bandage on firmly but without pressing too hard to avoid asphyxiating the small animal you want to save.

There are other techniques to bandage a broken wing, but this one is simple to do and does not bother the bird too much. Once it is done, we recommend that you go to the veterinarian to examine the wing to make sure it is not infected and to have it professionally bandaged.

Care during convalescence

Once its wing is bandaged and healing, you will have to be very careful when the bird drinks water, as the bandage restrictions can cause it to lose its balance when bending over and drown in its bowl.

It will take about 4 weeks for the wing to heal. We recommend changing the bandages every week, or before if you find it dirty, follow the instructions given by the veterinarian who examined it. With each bandage change you will be able to observe the progress of the healing process and you will see if the bird is gradually recovering the use of its wings. If, on the contrary, you have the feeling that his condition is getting worse, you will have to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

A good diet, rich in vitamins and minerals will help the birds recover more quickly. It is advisable to know which species it is so that you can offer it the right nutritional supplements, because, for example, the diet of the American Goldfinch is not the same as that of the hummingbird.

An injured bird will be very vulnerable, under no circumstances should you leave it near other pets or in the free-range in the patio or garden of your home.

Give him back his freedom

Once the convalescence is over, it’s time to set the bird free. We recommend that you release it back to the same place where you found it. You will just have to put the cage or box on the floor and let it out on its own. Stay with it while it explores the surroundings until it starts flying again. If he doesn’t come back to the cage, you’ll have completed your mission, healed a bird’s broken wing and with a little personal action you’ll have made the world a little more beautiful.

If you have a pet bird that you leave free in your house to fly and it has injured itself, you can apply the same advice to take care of its wing, you must also go to the veterinarian so that he can examine the animal and check that it does not suffer from internal trauma.

 

This article is purely informative, we do not have the expertise to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if it presents symptoms of fever or illness.

It takes talent to understand cats

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How many of us who have owned a cat have thought at least once looking at it, “Who knows what it’s thinking?”

A very common stereotype is that dogs are man’s best friends, faithful and predictable animals, while cats are incomprehensible, enigmatic, and very independent animals. That’s not exactly the case. One study explains that if you have not been able to understand your cat for years, it is only your fault and your lack of talent in understanding them.

The thesis is supported by Georgia Mason, from the University of Guelph in Canada, who conducted a study to discover, through tests, how much people can understand the emotional state of a cat, simply by looking at their facial expressions.

The study used videos of cats taken from the web, where a modification was made to eliminate the context, focusing only on cat expressions (the public version of the test is available here if you want to try it).

The study was carried out on 6,000 people who were asked to indicate, for each video watched, the emotional state of the cat.

The results indicated that on average the participants were able to guess about 50% of the answers. 13% of the people gave 75% of the correct answers without too much difficulty.

Georgia Mason defines people who understand the language of cats as “cat whisperers” which means “cat whisperers. The talent to understand the language of cats is a very entertaining curiosity to explain to other people who own cats, thus making them understand the behavior of your four-legged friend.

Thanks to the study of Georgia Mason and her team, it could have many practical implications. The study highlights that cat whisperers can notice details and facial microexpressions that escape the rest of the people.

Cat whisperers, by being able to accurately identify the expressions of cats, can teach their craft to those who can’t understand them, even going so far as to facilitate the work in the veterinary field.

Can a dog fall in love with a person?

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Dogs are very sociable animals that enjoy the company of those who love and care for them. The dog’s emotional capacities are highly developed, including feeling sadness, joy, and being able to fall in love, but is this love the same as the one we know?

If you wonder if your dog can fall in love with a person, the answer is yes, indeed, dogs can feel love, lots of love!

 

The opinion of the experts

Among the professionals of canine psychology are ethnologists, veterinarians who have specialized in dog behavior: they are experts with a high level of training.

Ethologists say that dogs are capable of experiencing emotions (as mentioned above) such as sadness, anxiety, stress, joy, and love. What happens is that sometimes they express it in a different way than what we are used to and that is why we are not able to identify it.

What do we mean by love?

The dog is a noble and faithful animal that admires, loves, and protects those who feel the same way about it (even some abused dogs love their guardians) because it is an animal with a very big heart.

We don’t know how much a dog can fall in love with someone or how strong his feelings are. You’ll have to find out with him, your best friend, as long as his love doesn’t become a problem as it does with jealousy.

We recommend that you offer all your love and affection to your pet as soon as you can, for the rest of your life. Your dog will give it back to you every minute he spends with you.

 

How long is a giraffe’s tongue?

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Those who forever doubt the possibility of the existence of so-called “fantastic” and “supernatural” animals, such as unicorns, which in the end are nothing more than simple horses with a horn, like rhinos, but finer and more fairylike, have never really taken the time to observe giraffes with the attention they deserve our girlfriends. According to the skeptics of all time, a horned horse would, therefore, be much less likely than the existence of an animal that seems to be the result of a cross between a leopard, an elk and a camel whose head is supported by 7 vertebrae 30 centimeters high giving it a neck length of about 2 meters.

Skeptics have forgotten to dream and, worse still, they have forgotten to look, so much so that they are unable to realize how giraffes seem to have come straight out of the mind of a talented drunken scientist, their incredible characteristics make them one of the most interesting and cute animals in the world. Did you know, for example, that the giraffe’s tongue has disproportionate proportions? Wondering how big a giraffe’s tongue is?

Size of a giraffe’s tongue

How long is a giraffe’s tongue? The length of a giraffe’s tongue is almost capable of making us lose our head which, unlike the giraffe, is not perched at a dizzying height like his. It is moreover your curiosity as to the size of the giraffe’s tongue that, on this grey day, brought you into our warm company, is that wrong? Before we see how long the giraffe’s tongue is, let’s see what use such a long tongue can serve!

What is the giraffe’s tongue used for?

First of all, you should know that the giraffe’s tongue is prehensile, which means that it uses it to catch what it wants. You should also know that it is the longest and most powerful tongue of the ungulate animals. To understand the usefulness of such a long tongue, you must first know that the giraffe has no upper jaw, so its long tongue allows it to reach, catch and direct towards its lower jaw the young tender shoots, which are found between the spines, of the acacia trees. Another incredible fact about giraffes is that their saliva has antiseptic properties that will prove very useful when their tongue is injured by the spines of acacia trees.

Let’s not be like the giraffe that spins its tongue 7 times in its mouth before speaking and, now that you know what the use of such a long tongue is, let’s see how big the tongue of an adult giraffe is!

The length of an adult giraffe’s tongue
The size of an adult giraffe’s tongue averages 50 cm, quite impressive, isn’t it? This impressive size coupled with the length of the giraffe’s neck, about 2 meters, allows it to consume almost all the leaves it wants. You already know a little more about the giraffe’s tongue, but why stop there? Have you noticed that giraffes have blue tongues?

Why do giraffes have blue tongues?
The giraffe’s blue tongue is a proof supporting all evolutionary theories, indeed, the giraffe’s tongue is blue on top but all pink underneath, do you have any idea why?

To answer this question, we must contextualize, the giraffe is one of the very many animals of the African savannah where the heat is intense and the sun hits as hard as Mohammed Ali. You’re beginning to suspect the answer, aren’t you?

The giraffe’s tongue is blue on top but pink underneath because the bluish-black pigmentation on the top of its tongue prevents it from getting sunburned! Yes, can you imagine a pink tongue like ours exposed to the harsh sun of the African continent?

Now that you know more about the size of a giraffe’s tongue and its blue color, it seems only logical that we continue our article How big is a giraffe’s tongue by telling you about the giraffe’s diet.

What does the giraffe eat?
The giraffe is a strictly herbivorous animal, it feeds exclusively on very nutritious tree leaves and certain legumes, which provide the daily intake of mineral salts (20 grams/day) that the giraffe needs daily. It is sometimes possible to see it eating flowers, some seeds, a few pods, and even some fruits, but this feeding behavior is rarer.

A giraffe can consume from 7 kilos, when food is scarce, to 70 kilos, when its food is abundant, per day. Its long neck prevents it from being able to drink “normally” to drink a giraffe has to bend its legs or kneel, a movement that makes it prey to the attacks of its many predators…

Reproduction of the giraffe

Let’s continue our little presentation on the giraffe by telling you briefly about its reproduction.

The giraffe is a mammal and, like all mammals, it is a viviparous animal, which means that the development of the embryo takes place in the mother’s womb. Unlike many animals on Earth, the giraffe does not follow a truly defined breeding season. Female giraffes are constantly courted by the males, but it has been noted that they are more inclined to accept their advances when the rainy season comes, so the young are born between May and August.

The rut in females occurs about every two weeks, this is when they will more readily accept males, once she has mated, she will allow 20 to 30 months to pass before mating again.

After a gestation period of about 457 days on average (14/15 months), the giraffe will give birth to one giraffe cub at a time, although in some cases it may give birth to two young. The giraffe gives birth standing or walking so that the first sensation experienced by the giraffe is a fall of about 2 meters, the giraffe will already weigh about 60 kilos and it will start suckling about 15 minutes after birth.

Weaning of the young occurs between 12 and 16 months for females and between 12 and 14 months for males. During the first 15 days of life, female giraffes do not leave their young an inch, and it is only after three or four weeks that several females will join together to help each other and create a kind of daycare; one adult giraffe will watch over all the young while the others leave to look for food or water. The female giraffes that leave during the day will come back every evening to look after and feed their young.

Characteristics of the giraffe
The size of a giraffe’s tongue is one of the most impressive in the animal world, its tongue is bluish, it is herbivorous, but… what are the other characteristics that make it such an extraordinary animal?

What are the characteristics of the giraffe?

The characteristics of the giraffe are:
-Size of a giraffe’s tongue: 50 cm.
-Bluetongue on top for protection from the sun.
-Size of the male giraffe: about 4.2 meters.
-Size of a female giraffe: about 3.5 meters.
-Length of a giraffe’s tail: between 75 and 150 cm
-Life expectancy: 15 and 20 years in the wild and 25 to 30 years in captivity.
-Giraffes only sleep ten minutes to two hours a day. -Giraffes sleep ten minutes to two hours a day.
-Giraffes sleep standing up. -Giraffes sleep standing up.
-Except for the males when they are trying to win the favors of a female, giraffes are super pacifists and it is very rare to see them fighting.

How long is a giraffe’s tongue? – Characteristics of the giraffe
Is the giraffe endangered?
Let us conclude our article How big is the tongue of a giraffe by addressing a question that cannot but lead us on the sad path of thinking of the anguish of the destruction of the living that we operate on the altar of our capitalist society. Find out what the 5 great extinctions are.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature, better known in French under the acronym IUCN, has issued a new report placing the giraffe in the Vulnerable category on its red list. The drastic decline of its population is the reason for this sad entry in this classification, indeed, still according to the IUCN, the giraffe population has declined by 30 to 40% in the last thirty years… Those responsible are always the same, the endless expansion of agriculture and human cities that lead to the loss of the habitat of the highest animal on Earth, as well as the lust created by the foul desire of some people to hang on their hunting board, the yet so cute when it is with the rest of the body, head of the giraffe.

Endangered fish

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Endangered fish inhabit all types of waters: cold and warm, in many of the world’s seas, rivers, and oceans. Despite the efforts of various organizations around the world, new species are regularly added to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species… Do you want to know them? In this article, we are going to tell you about the 15 fish that are the closest to extinction, our article is, of course, based on updated data from 2019.

Some of these species are caught in large numbers to be eaten or to decorate aquariums. Others are affected by illegal fishing or by fishing techniques that do not respect the seabed or vulnerable species.

What are the endangered fish?
Here is a list of 15 species of endangered fish:

Napoleon
Ocellated sea angel
Striped Grouper
Adriatic sturgeon
European sturgeon
Sawfish tident
Kaluga Huso dauricus
Aphanius baeticus
Sanopus splendidus
The marbled ones
Kaudern Apogon
Great Northern Caribou Fish
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
Chrysoblephus gibbiceps
Aphanius from Spain

In the next section of our Endangered Fish article, we will tell you more about these 15 endangered animals.

1. Napoleon
The first example on our list of endangered fish is the Napoleon fish (Cheilinus undulatus), which inhabits the seabed of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Nevertheless, the Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), estimates that there are between 10 and 20 specimens per hectare in the places that this species frequents, i.e. the density of its population is very low.

This species lives in reefs and feeds on crustaceans. Napoleon’s specimens are hermaphroditic animals and they are all born female, but for unknown reasons, some become males after a few years. Napoleon is in danger of extinction mainly due to illegal fishing.

2. The Ocellated Sea Angel

The Ocellated Sea Angel (Squatina oculata) is a curious-looking species found in the Mediterranean and Black Seas, as well as in the Atlantic Ocean. The Ocellated Sea Angel is characterized by extensive dorsal fins and a brownish-white spotted coloration. It is critically endangered due to fishing and the negative effect of recreational activities in its natural habitat.

3. Striped Grouper

Among Mexico’s endangered fish is the Striped Grouper (Epinephelus striatus), a very popular species that can also be found in the waters around the islands of the Bahamas, Florida and in the Caribbean Sea. It is a solitary fish that lives in reefs where it feeds on crabs, smaller fish and crustaceans. It is critically endangered due to intensive fishing and pollution.

4. Adriatic sturgeon

It is estimated that nowadays there are only 250 adult specimens of the Adriatic sturgeon (Acipenser naccarii) in the waters around Milan. Formerly, it was found in Adriatic waters as well as in Croatian, Serbian, Albanian, Montenegrin and Bosnian rivers.

This species can grow up to two meters long and weigh almost 50 kg. It is a slow-growing fish and will not reach sexual maturity until around 15 years of age, a condition that greatly affects its conservation status. It is critically endangered due to illegal fishing, habitat fragmentation and the effects of water-based agriculture.

5. European sturgeon

Among France’s endangered fish is the European sturgeon (Acipenser sturio), which lives not only in the rivers of France but also in those of the Iberian Peninsula and Scandinavia. The species can measure up to 5 meters long and weigh around 400 kg. It lives in riverbeds, where it feeds on worms and mollusks. It is estimated that about 750 adults survive.

It is critically endangered due to fishing, use of natural resources for mining and power generation, among other problems.

6. Sawfish tident

The western sawfish (Pristis pectinata) lives in the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It measures between 500 and 600 centimeters long and one of its most notable characteristics is its long, thin trunk. It lives in both fresh and saltwater, but today it is considered extinct in the vast majority of areas where it used to live.

It is in critical danger of extinction due to uncontrolled fishing and the changes introduced into its environment by human action. It is estimated that its population has fallen by 95% in the last three generations.

7. Kaluga Huso dauricus

Another of the world’s endangered fish species is the Kaluga Huso dauricus (Huso dauricus), a species endemic to the Amur River, located between China and Russia, where it is distributed as far as the Sea of Japan among others. The species has a life expectancy of between 50 and 80 years. It feeds mainly on invertebrates and salmon.

It is critically endangered for various reasons and it is estimated that its population has fallen by about 80% in less than 100 years. Among its most powerful threats is commercial fishing as it is this fish that produces black caviar, pollution of its habitat with industrial residues, changes in the conditions of its habitat and the introduction of other species from its environment.

8. Aphanius baeticus

Aphanius baeticus is an endangered fish found in Spain. This species is endemic to the rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, where it remains in schools near the coast. It feeds on crustaceans, larvae, and artemia.

It is critically endangered due to pollution caused by military activity and agriculture, in addition to the introduction of other invasive species in its habitat and climate change.

9. Sanopus splendidus

Another endangered animal is the Sanopus splendidus, endemic to the island of Cozumel (coast of Mexico). It is characterized by its bright colors, its dark body on which lighter lines appear, and its fins that display a brilliant yellow.

The natural environment of the species are the coral reefs, so their destruction has contributed massively to the drastic decline in the population of Sanopus Splendidus. It is critically endangered because of problems related to the coral, which is its habitat, and the effects of pollution.

10. The marbled ones

Marbled (Lithognathus lithographs) is a species that lives on the South African coast. It is about 2 meters long and has a silvery body with darker fringes that appear from its dorsal fin to halfway up its body. It is critically endangered due to intensive fishing and is also threatened by climate change and habitat degradation due to pollution.

11. Kaudern Apogon

The Kaudern Apogon or Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) is an endemic species of the Banggai Islands (Indonesia). It is its curious appearance, characterized by its taut and very fine fins, that has made it so popular. Its body is grey with black stripes. It is critically endangered and although its exact density is not known, the species is threatened by the effect of agricultural activity on the water as well as pollution.

12. Large caribou fish in the North

The large northern caribou fish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps) inhabits the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. It measures about one and a half meters in length and is characterized by a brown body with short, pointed fins. It feeds on other fish, crustaceans and various invertebrates. It is in critical danger of extinction due to intensive fishing and pollution generated by agricultural activities.

13. Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

Another of the world’s endangered fishes in the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus), a species that lives throughout the Atlantic Ocean. It measures up to 3 meters long and weighs about 700 kg. It is critically endangered because it is the most commercially traded tuna species in the world. As a result of all this, it is being affected by intensive fishing, which is bringing it to the brink of extinction.

14. Chrysoblephus gibbiceps

Chrysoblephus gibbiceps is a species of fish that live on the coast of South Africa. It stands out for its particular appearance it has a prominent head and a rather flat body. The color of its body is white with some ochre spots. It is critically endangered due to recreational fishing. Besides, it is also affected by ecosystem alterations and is at a basic disadvantage because of its slow growth.

15. Aphanius from Spain

Another endangered fish is the Spanish Aphanius (Aphanius iberus), endemic to the Iberian Peninsula. It measures barely 5 centimeters and has an oblong body. The males are silvery with blue and yellow fringes while the females are brown with some darker spots.

It is in critical danger of extinction due to the destruction of its habitat, climate change and the introduction of strange species to its ecosystem.

 

Is Frontline Harmful To Your Dog-Review 2020?

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Fleas are a pain (literally) – a nightmare that every one dog homeowners face at some purpose.

Lots of folks address chemical spot-on treatments to combat the issues. the larger problem is, these treatments usually do a lot of damage than sensible.

If you’re brooding about mistreatment Frontline and, a topical pharmaceutical accustomed kill fleas and ticks, on your dog, you’re planning to wish to scan this 1st.

Typical Frontline and Cases and also the Impacts
A five-year recent retriever is delivered to the veterinary with ear and eye discharge 3 weeks when receiving a dose of Frontline and. The symptoms flee among a month.

When the dose of Frontline is perennial, the dog develops associate ear infection that improves when concerning six months, however, ne’er goes away. The dog dies from carcinoma 2 years later.

This is a typical story concerning Frontline and that junction rectifier Dr. Jennifer Ramelmeier to vary the means she checked out the treatment. Ramelmeier stopped mistreatment it when seeing an affiliation between its use and cases like this.

Dr. Ramelmeier says the homeowners would usually complain once their associate mails developed an oily and sticky coat presently when applying the merchandise.

“The 1st response of the body once the patient develops an unhealthful load is to discharge from the body via the eyes, the ears, the skin and thru loose stool … these discharges build an excellent medium for microorganism and yeast growth (which live naturally on your dog’s body)”

Dr. Christina Chambreau is another vet from Maryland United Nations agency has seen similar cases and incorporates a similar perspective towards the merchandise.

She told the story of a friend’s cat United Nations agency had received Frontline and 2 or 3 hours earlier and went missing whereas she was visiting. They found him beneath a bench “looking sort of a puddle,” Dr. Chambreau aforementioned. On examining the cat, she found him to be terribly logy and once he began to walk, he had an uncoordinated gait.

Dr. Chambreau advises her patients to avoid mistreatment Frontline. She’s solely counseled it on 3 occasions in her thirty years of follow. She has robust issues over its toxicity to the pet and she or he has confidence within the efficaciousness of other strategies.

She’s found that when she treats associate animal for any sort of downside, notably behavioral or medical specialty, if the homeowners apply Frontline or different similar chemical merchandise, the symptoms that she’s treated return.
The dissertation
Despite the cases that are accepted, some standard vets ail issues over the security of Frontline.

“There isn’t any proof to counsel that Frontline causes cancer or different serious diseases,” says Dr. Deborah Lichtenberg, a vet from Massachusetts. With relevance sensitivity, “most of those reactions are delicate and don’t need treatment” she another.

Dr. Lichtenberg warns that by selecting to use a lot of natural protection against ticks or fleas, your dog can get a lot of ticks and be at a larger risk for developing tick-borne malady. Tick-borne sicknesses are zoonosis, Ehrlichia, animal disease, chain rickettsiosis or babesiosis.
Background On Frontline
The main active ingredient in Frontline and, fipronil, was developed between 1985 and 1987 by Rhone Poulenc noble metal as a broad-use pesticide. it was introduced into the market in 1993.

Since then, it’s been integrated into a good sort of merchandise together with “pesticide products, granular merchandise for grass, gel baits, spot-on pet care merchandise, liquid white ant management merchandise, and merchandise for agriculture,” the National chemical data Center (NPIC) says.

Frontline and is created and owned by Merial, the animal subsidiary of Sanofi, an international pharma. Frontline and conjointly contains S-methoprene, a compound that has been in use since 1977 that stops juvenile insects from turning into adults.

Merial conjointly produces Heartgard to stop heartworm, NexGard, a tender ectozoon and tick poison that was discharged in 2013, and a series of vaccines for cats.

Altogether, Sanofi rumored a net income on these merchandise of $706 million in 2015.

Frontline and is employed monthly on dogs and cats. If you’ve got a rabbit or different pet, note that Frontline is extremely unhealthful to rabbits and Frontline is labeled “Do Not Use On Rabbits. don’t Use On different Animals.”

It’s applied by breaking open the plastic ampule and dispensing the oily liquid between the animal’s shoulder blades. the concept is that the animal won’t be ready to reach back and ingest the liquid, however at an equivalent time, the liquid can meet the body and be absorbed into the oil glands of the skin wherever it’s bit by bit discharged.

Frontline aspect Effects
There are several issues concerning attainable aspect effects, the foremost common being skin reactions like hair loss, itching, and redness, and medical specialty problems like uncoordinated movement and lethargy. However, these aspect effects don’t seem to be self-addressed anyplace on the United States of America web site for Frontline.

The New Zealand and UK websites do address safety issues on their Q&A pages.

“Frontline and incorporates a long-established and wide margin of safety and your cat ought to be fine,” was the response from the New Zealand web site to associate owner United Nations agency was involved concerning whether or not her pet would see issues from her accidental over-application of Frontline.

When asked concerning aspect effects, the united kingdom website’s response was, “side effects might occur however these tend to be delicate and temporary within the majority of cases.”

Dog Coronavirus – Symptoms and Treatment

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When you make the important decision to welcome a dog into your home, you accept the responsibility of covering all his physical, mental and social needs, something you will do with great pleasure, because the emotional bond that is created between you and your pet is as special as it is strong.

Dogs require periodic health checks, as well as following the recommended vaccination program, however, even by fulfilling these prerequisites it is more than possible that your dog may become ill, which is why it will be very important that you pay attention to all the symptoms that may alert you to a possible illness. Therefore, in this new article Dog Coronavirus – Symptoms and Treatment, we will talk about the symptoms and treatment of dog coronavirus, an infectious disease which, if it evolves favorably, requires veterinary attention more than fast.

What is the dog coronavirus?

Dog coronavirus is a viral pathogen that causes infectious disease in dogs, regardless of age, breed, or other factors, although it is true that puppies are more susceptible to infection. It belongs to the family Coronaviridae and the most common form of coronavirus in dogs is Aplhacoronavirus 1, which belongs to the genus Alphacoronavirus.

It is an acutely developing disease. To better understand this concept, one could compare it with the cold one suffers from, because the coronavirus is a viral disease, without a cure, which can only be transmitted and which is self-limited, that is to say, with an acute development and without the possibility of becoming chronic.

Incubation period of canine coronavirus
Symptoms of the disease begin to appear after the incubation period, which lasts between 24 and 36 hours. It is a disease that is as contagious as it is widespread, although if treated in time, it usually has no complications or after-effects.

Does 2019-nCoV affect dogs?
The coronavirus that affects dogs is different from the cat’s coronavirus and also from 2019-nCoV. As this newly discovered strain is currently being studied, it is not possible to say or disprove that it affects dogs. Experts suspect that it is likely that it is capable of affecting any mammal since it is assumed to come from certain wild animals.

Symptoms of the dog coronavirus
The symptoms of dog coronavirus coincide with those of human coronavirus, however, they are not all equal. The most common symptoms in dogs are as follows:

*Temperature above 40ºC
*Loss of appetite and weight
*Tremors
*Lethargy
*Vomiting
*Dehydration
* Abdominal pain
* Sudden diarrhea and fetid, with blood and mucus

Fever is the most typical symptom of the dog’s coronavirus, along with fluid loss caused by vomiting and/or diarrhea. As we will see, all of the clinical symptoms described may coincide with other pathologies, which is why you must take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible for diagnosis.

On the other hand, there is the possibility that a dog may be infected but may not show all the symptoms mentioned, which makes it even more important to take your dog to the vet. The success of treating your dog’s coronavirus will depend, to a large extent, on how quickly you act.

How is the dog’s coronavirus transmitted?

Dog coronavirus is excreted through the feces, the route of transmission by which this viral load passes from one dog to another is through fecal-oral contact. The group of dogs suffering from the behavioral disorder known as coprophagia, which is the ingestion of feces, is most susceptible to catching canine coronavirus.

Once the canine coronavirus has entered the body and has completed its incubation period, it attacks the microvilli of the intestine (cells essential for nutrient absorption), causing the loss of their functionality, resulting in sudden diarrhea and inflammation of the digestive tract.

Is the dog’s coronavirus transmissible to humans?

The coronavirus that only affects dogs, i.e. Aplhacoronavirus 1, is not transmissible to humans. As we said, it is a virus that is only transmitted between dogs, so if you ask yourself whether canine coronavirus is transmissible to cats, the answer is also negative.

Now, all right, if a case of 2019-nCoV infection occurs in a dog, it’s a zoonosis, which means it’s transmissible from human to animal. Nevertheless, as we said earlier, this virus is still under study and at the time of writing, there is no evidence that dogs can be infected, or not, with this strain of coronavirus.

Treatment of dog coronavirus
Treatment of the dog’s coronavirus is palliative, as there is no cure except to wait for the disease to follow its natural course. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing possible complications.

That said, when faced with the doubt of how to treat the dog’s coronavirus, we will see that the answer lies in symptomatic treatment methods, alone or combination, depending exclusively on each case. In general, treatments for dog coronavirus include :

Fluids: in cases of severe dehydration, fluid therapy is used to restore the body fluids that the animal has lost due to vomiting and diarrhea.
Appetite stimulators: they allow the dog to continue feeding, thus avoiding a state of starvation.
Antivirals: they act by lowering the viral load.
Antibiotics: intended to control secondary infections that may have been caused by the action of the virus.
Prokinetics: Prokinetics are drugs intended to improve the digestive process. It is possible to include in this group the protectors of the gastric mucous membrane, anti-diarrhoeics, and antiemetics, intended to prevent vomiting.
The veterinarian is the only person who can recommend pharmacological treatment for your pet and it should be used according to the specific instructions given to you by your veterinarian.

Dog Coronavirus Vaccine
Currently, there is still no vaccine against the dog coronavirus that acts as a cure. What does exist is a preventive vaccine made with a modified live virus that gives the animal sufficient immunity to protect it against this disease. However, being vaccinated against the dog’s coronavirus does not mean that the animal is completely immune, i.e. it may be infected, but most likely the clinical symptoms will be milder and the healing process will be shorter.

Is the dog’s coronavirus curable?
The fact that there is no cure for dog coronavirus does not mean that the animal cannot be cured. The mortality rate of canine coronavirus is very low and includes immunocompromised, older dogs, or puppies. Having said that, the dog’s coronavirus is therefore curable.

Caring for a dog with coronavirus

In addition to the coronavirus treatment prescribed by your veterinarian, there are several other measures you should consider to prevent the virus from spreading to other dogs and to promote a good recovery of the sick dog. Here are the steps you should take:

-Keep the sick dog in isolation. As we said, establishing a quarantine period until the animal eliminates the virus is fundamental to avoid further contagion. Thus, because the virus is transmitted through the stools, it is essential that you pick them up properly and, if possible, disinfect the area.
-Giving him/her food rich in prebiotics and probiotics. Both prebiotics and probiotics help to restore the dog’s intestinal flora and strengthen the immune system, which is why it is so important to feed them to your dog during a healing process like this, where there is no other remedy besides strengthening the immune system to fight the virus.
-Introduce good nutrition. Proper nutrition can also help strengthen the immune system of a dog with coronavirus, in addition to preventing a possible case of mal-nutrition. Besides, it is also very important that you make sure he drinks well so that he doesn’t become dehydrated.
Avoid stress. Stressful situations can greatly affect the clinical picture, that is why, when it comes to fighting the dog’s coronavirus, it is important to take into account that the animal must be as calm as possible.

Duration of the dog’s coronavirus

The duration of the dog’s coronavirus in the body is variable. The recovery time will depend on each case, the animal’s immunological system, whether it has secondary infections or, on the contrary, whether it heals easily, etc… During the entire recovery process, you must keep your dog separate from other dogs to avoid a possible spread of the virus. Even if you can see that your dog is getting better, it is always best to keep him in isolation until you are sure that the virus has been eliminated.

Prevention of dog coronavirus
After seeing that there is no cure for the dog’s coronavirus and that its treatment is symptomatic, the most appropriate in all cases is to try to prevent your dog from contracting this disease. Preventing coronavirus only requires simple but completely necessary actions to keep your dog healthy:

  • Religiously follow the established vaccination program.
  • Maintain optimal hygienic conditions for your dog’s accessories, such as toys or blankets.
  • Treat coprophagia with the advice of a dog trainer or an ethologist.
  • Avoid contact with sick dogs, this measure is more complicated to apply because it is not always so obvious whether a dog is sick or not.
    *Provide quality food to ensure that your pet has a strong immune system.

It should also be remembered that having your dog exercise will help his immune system to be in good shape.

This article is purely informative, we do not have the expertise to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to bring your animal to the veterinarian if it presents the symptoms of a febrility or a disease.

Why is my dog snuggling up to me?

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Like us, dogs have a complex body language that allows them to communicate with their environment and adapt to different circumstances. If you’re the happy guardian of a dog, your faithful companion may one day have pleasantly surprised you by snuggling up to you. It may even have become a habit in your daily life.

This particular behavior is not at all negative or harmful and has different causes. If you want to know the answer to the questions “Why is my dog snuggling up to me?”, “Why does my dog sleep snuggled up to me?”, or “Why does my dog put his head on me?

There are many reasons why your dog will cuddle up to you, including the following:

-He loves you and likes to be by your side.
-He feels protected.
-He wants your attention.
-He wants to communicate with other dogs to stay away.

My dog cuddles up to me when I pet him.
If your dog is cuddling up to you when you pet him, you can interpret this as a sign of affection on his part. It’s probably the first reason you thought of it because the fact that your dog puts his head on you when you pet him or when you lie down together on the couch is a sure sign that he loves you and likes to be with you.

This is because you give him warmth and a feeling of security, a behavior that can also be seen with litters of puppies, who sleep together, leaning on top of each other and their mother’s side, keeping them under her wing and protecting them from the cold.

My dog sleeps glued to me

The reason your dog sleeps close to you is that you provide him with physical and emotional security, meaning he feels protected and therefore doesn’t need to be vigilant.

Without a doubt, in both situations, the fact that your dog is snuggling up to you is a clear sign of trust. It also means that a strong bond has been established and that for your dog, you are his reference person, you are part of his family nucleus.

My dog is snuggling with me – Other possible explanations
In addition to the reasons mentioned above, there may be other reasons why your dog behaves as he does:

*He wants to get your attention: If your dog spends a lot of time alone and you don’t spend as much time with him, it is very likely that your dog adopts this behavior with the intention that you listen to him, play with him, go for a walk, fill his bowl with food, etc. *He wants to get your attention: If your dog spends a lot of time alone and you don’t spend as much time with him, your dog likely adopts this behavior with the intention that you listen to him, play with him, go for a walk, fill his bowl with food, etc. *Your dog may also have learned that every time he cuddles up to you or lays his head on you, you listen to him, so he knows that this action helps make sure you are there for him, for example, to pet him.
*He wants to communicate to other dogs to stay away: you may have observed this behavior if you live with other dogs. Having your dog cuddle up to you when others approach may simply be a way of wanting all your attention to be focused on him and not on others. In return, he’s sending a message to the other dogs to stay away.
As we’ve seen, this behavior isn’t harmful in itself, but you shouldn’t rule out the possibility of a problem that needs to be addressed. If you see your dog exhibiting other behaviors that express aggression, such as growling at other dogs, it may be possessive behavior that can be a problem.

You should also consider taking action if your dog shows signs of hyper-attachment to you, such as excessive barking to have you near him, destroying objects when you’re not at home, being constantly attached to you, etc. In this case, your dog may experience separation anxiety when you’re not with him, which affects his well-being and makes living together difficult. For this reason, it’s best to consult your veterinarian or a dog trainer who can guide you.

My dog is snuggling up to me: a sign of domination?

When we talk about canine ethology, we often find that due to misinformation, many myths are formed around the behavior of the dog. One of them is that if your dog is huddled up against you, if your dog sleeps glued to you or if your dog puts his head on you it is because he is dominant. However, nothing could be further from the truth, because dominance is an intraspecific behavior, that is to say, one that only concerns dogs with each other. Also, it happens in very specific situations, since a dog is not dominant or submissive as many people think, but he adapts his behavior to different situations, depending on the person he interacts with, his needs at the time, and what he has learned and experienced since he was a puppy.

Finally, if you live with more than one dog at a time, you may have noticed that they don’t behave the same way towards each other as they do towards you, because although it may seem obvious, your dog knows that you are not a dog. Therefore, his relationship with you is a learning experience, not an instinct, because as a pet, he can shape his communication with you from an early age. That’s why you should provide your dog with a basic education that allows you to have a positive relationship with him and to create a strong and positive bond between him and humans. Conversely, many of your dog’s inappropriate behaviors are not due to any instinct for domination, but rather to the fact that he has not been properly trained or his well-being is not assured.

How do we know if our dog is happy

Having a pet is undoubtedly a source of immense happiness. But what about them? Just like humans, dogs are very sensitive animals and can experience emotions such as happiness but also anxiety or sadness.

Since dogs don’t talk, you have to know how to interpret the clues that show that they are unhappy, or, on the contrary, happy. So, how do we know if our dog is happy?

Signs to take into account can be, among others:

-Your dog’s appetite. Indeed, a happy dog is a dog with an appetite, because dogs are very greedy animals.
-His activity and energy. A happy dog will always want to spend time walking and playing.
-His rest. Dogs sleep about 16 hours a day. If your dog sleeps more than necessary, he may be suffering from depression, boredom, or other illnesses.
He may be asking for cuddles and affection. A happy dog likes to be with his loved ones and share moments with them.
-He is curious. Dogs like to discover the world around them and sniff out everything unfamiliar to them. A dog that is not interested in foreign objects or people is apathetic, probably suffering from mood disorders.

Why do cats chase birds?

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For cat lovers, it’s sometimes hard to accept that these adorable felines can be cruel and responsible for the decline in bird wildlife worldwide, from pigeons to sparrows and even endangered birds.

Although this is a very common behavior among these predators, it is important to understand why cats hunt birds and what the real consequences are. In this article, we will explain why cats hunt birds and how to stop them if you really can’t stand them indulging in their murderous desires.

Why do cats kill birds?

Cats are natural predators and hunt mainly for food and survival. It is the mother who teaches kittens to hunt from an early age, a common learning experience in wild cats but less common in urban cats. It’s worth pointing out that even if they’re not hungry, cats hunt just for the fun of it, to amuse themselves and satisfy their hunting instinct!

This is why even an indoor cat that is fed and pampered can develop a strong hunting impulse, which will help it to work on speed, power, distance, and persecution.

Most of the time, mother cats bring back dead prey to their kittens, which is why cats that have not had kittens or that are neutered bring back dead animals to their owners, they do so mainly by natural maternal instinct. According to the study entitled “Domestic Cat Predation on Wildlife” by Michael Woods, Robbie A. McDonald and Stephen Harris, made on 986 cats, 69% of the prey hunted are mammals and only 24% are birds.

Are cats responsible for the extinction of certain bird species?

It is estimated that one domestic cat kills about 9 birds a year, a figure that may seem derisory if we look at the individual figures, whereas if we look at the results for all the cats in the country, the figure is extremely high.

Cats have been cataloged as an invasive species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature since they are believed to have contributed to the extinction of 33 bird species worldwide. Among this list are :

*Anthornis melanocephala (New Zealand) last seen in 1906.
*Chatham’s Megalurus (New Zealand) last seen in 1900.
*The Chatham Rail (New Zealand), extinct in the late 19th century.
*Guadalupe Caracara (Guadalupe Island), last specimens shot by a (human) collector in 1900.
*Roselin des Bonin (Ogasawara Island in Japan)
*Highura snipe (New Zealand)
*Flaming Peak (Guadalupe Island, only one subspecies extinct)
*Cyanoramphus erythrotis (Macquarie Island)
*Microgoura of Choiseul (Solomon Islands)
*Spotted Tohi (Guadalupe Island)
*Hawaiian Crake (Hawaii), missing in 1893
*Ninoxe rieuse (New Zealand), disappeared in the 1960s.
*Reyezuelo de Bewick (Nueva Zelanda)
*Xenic of Stephens Islands apparently couldn’t fly, vanished in 1900.
*Piopio from New Zealand disappeared in 1963
*Bushwood Xenics (New Zealand), disappeared in the ’50s.
*Tourterelle de Socorro (Socorro Island)
*Bonin’s Thrush (Ogasawara Island in Japan)

As you will see, the extinct bird species all belonged to different islands, where at first there were no cats. All the species mentioned became extinct in the 20th century when European settlers introduced cats, rats, and dogs from their countries of origin.

It is also important to point out that most of the birds on this list had lost their ability to fly due to the lack of predators, especially in New Zealand, making them even easier prey for felines and other animals.

Statistics: city cats VS field cats

The study “The impact of free-ranging domestic cats on wildlife of the United States” published by the Journal Of Nature Communications magazine states that cats kill birds in their younger years when they are agile enough to jump over them. It also explains that 2 out of every 3 birds are killed by stray cats. According to biologist Roger Tabor, a field cat will kill about 14 birds while a city cat could kill 2 birds in its lifetime.

The reduction of predators in rural areas (such as coyotes in the USA), the abandonment and the high reproductive capacity of cats make them considered a real scourge. However, other factors such as human deforestation have also contributed to the decline of the native bird population.

How to prevent a cat from killing birds?

It is a popular belief that putting a collar with bells or bells on our cat alerts its potential victims who will have time to flee. However, what is certain, according to the Mammal Society, is that birds detect the cat by sight, even before hearing the sound of the bells. Moreover, it is not recommended to put on a bell collar for cats because of their sometimes fragile hearing.

The only way to be 100% sure that your cat will not kill birds is to keep it at home and put security on the balcony. It would also be recommended to sterilize feral cats to prevent the cat population from increasing. A costly and very complicated task that many associations carry out around the world.

Bird breeding – Characteristics and examples

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As is the case throughout the animal kingdom, finding a partner with whom to breed can end up being a real challenge, especially when there is strong competition between members of the same species. In birds, there is a wide variety of courtship displays, especially in species that have melodious songs or beautiful plumage, as is the case with birds of paradise, which have one of the most elaborate courtship rituals in the animal kingdom. These special characteristics are particularly marked in males which, in addition to their beautiful colors, have ornaments made to attract the female’s attention and thus be able to mate.

In this article Bird Reproduction – Characteristics and Examples, we will present the different methods used by males to attract the attention of females, from the presentation of their magnificent plumage to the construction of extremely elaborate nests to the execution of dances that allow them to show their most colorful feathers, not forgetting the cleaning and decoration of the floor to attract the female, you will know absolutely everything about the methods of seduction used by birds to be able to reproduce.

Bird mating

Bird breeding season
Courtship precedes mating which, for many species, occurs in the spring, which is a favorable time for breeding and rearing the chicks.

Bird mating
Birds have separate sexes and fertilization is internal. In some species, such as ducks and ostriches, the male has a copulating organ, but in others the male deposits his sperm inside the female’s cloaca by simple apposition.

Then, in the female’s uterus, fertilization takes place and this is how the egg begins to form which, in the case of birds, is an amniotic egg, covered with dry limestone (the shell) that later will be deposited in the nest and incubated by one or two parents (two-parent care), depending on the species to which the bird belongs. In monogamous species, where couples remain the same for at least one breeding season, the fact that both parents look after the egg (two-parent care) is more common.

Courtship in birds

As for the mating of birds, many techniques are used by males to attract the attention of females. The main methods of courtship in birds are :

Plumage
The tail
Health
Nest building
The dance
Cleaning and decorating

In the continuation of our article Bird Breeding – Characteristics and Examples we will take the time to talk about each of these points.

Plumage during courtship in birds
There is no doubt that one of the major assets of seduction in birds is the richness and variety of their plumage. Feathers represent a great evolutionary advance and, like the scales of reptiles, they offer perfect thermal insulation, which is of great importance when it comes to processes that require a high metabolism, such as flight.

The plumage also protects the birds from the sun’s rays as well as from water. In some species, it can be used for other functions such as regulating buoyancy, producing sound, carrying water, increasing their hearing, etc… The plumage is also the main responsible for the figure, color and shape of the birds, acquiring an important functionality in the communication between conspectives (individuals belonging to the same species) as it allows to signal the quality of the individual and thus attract and find a sexual partner.

Tail when mating birds

In some species of birds, the long feathers of the tail or head add a certain attractiveness and richness to the birds’ plumage. They unfold and adopt shapes that promote courtship, but having so many colors comes at a price: long, colorful feathers can attract predators and, in some cases, can make escape more difficult. To this must be added the undoubted energy costs for their production and maintenance.

The long tail of the blue peacock (Pavo cristatus) is a perfect example: a structure as long, or even longer, than the body and of considerable weight clearly complicates flight, especially if it has to flee quickly. However, the length of the blue peacock’s tail as well as the number of eye-shaped patterns (ocelli) it has are directly related to the age of the peacock. The tail is thus an indicator of the peacock’s age and experience. In many cases, females prefer to mate with males that have as many eye-spots on their tails as possible. This is why, despite the fact that ornaments are not favorable in cases where the male has to flee from a predator (natural selection), there is another force related to increasing success in finding a mate, which is called sexual selection.

Health in bird mating

On the other hand, males with very colourful feathers, such as the great tit (Parus major) or fringillidae such as the goldfinch (carduelis) are the most likely to be chosen to breed with a female. This is due to the fact that they get the color of their feathers from their diet.

The more they eat food containing carotenes (pigments found in vegetation or animals such as caterpillars) the more splendid the colour of their plumage will be, which the female will interpret as a sign of good health and ability to feed the offspring.

Nest building for the courtship of birds

Many species of birds have different techniques for building their nests. A concrete example is the Red-headed Weaver (Ploceus velatus) which builds spectacular nests all year round but… why do they spend their year building nests? The answer is simple; they do it in order to find more partners and, also, this is due to the fact that the more nests they build, the more offspring they will have.

The males create a nest, attract a female, mate and the female takes care of the eggs while the male builds another nest to attract another female. The male’s experience is reflected in his improved construction technique and, over the years, his nests will become more elaborate and beautiful.

The best dancers in bird mating

The Peruvian Rock Cockerel (Rupicola peruvianus) has a mating parade (which becomes a real competition) and consists of an exhibition in front of the females, where several males gather at the same place between the branches and dance, jump, move their wings and emit very particular sounds (this type of courtship behavior in birds is called Lek), all in order to impress the females, who are spectators and who choose the male they will mate with once the courtship is over, even though sometimes they choose none and leave without having chosen a male. In these cases, the nesting is done just by the female, so she will prepare the nest without the help of the male and then incubate the eggs and take care of the chicks.

Another fascinating example is that of the superb bird of paradise (Lophorina superba), where the male performs a very elaborate courtship ritual, during which he unfolds his black cloak (wings) until only a blue band on the chest and blue eyes are visible in the middle of a black layer. Then he does a small, rather complex dance, moving around the female with semi-circular movements until the female decides to mate with him or to move away.

Cleaning and decorating rituals during the birds’ courtship parade

There are cases, such as that of the brown gardener (Amblyornis inornata), in which the male invests a large part of his time clearing an area of the ground and then putting ornaments (such as shells, boxes, stones and other objects of the same color) and building a pergola so that he can court the female.

In this case, only the male who builds the most spectacular pergola will be able to mate. During the courtship, the male struts between the objects and emits cackles and cries, while the female observes from the center of the pergola.

Reproduction of the Mandarin Bird

One of the most exciting bird reproductions is the Mandarin Diamond. What’s so special about it? Well we will take the time to explain why many people adopt Mandarin Diamonds and let them breed so much.

Let’s start by telling you that the Mandarin Diamond is a bird that reproduces very easily and is generally very loyal to its partner. Do you know which animal species are the most faithful in love?

After this brief interlude, let’s come back to our Mandarin Diamonds; in the wild, they will reproduce in spring but in captivity they can breed all year round. Once you have set up the nest and the two birds know each other, you will see that the male will start to fly over the female, the latter will emit little cries; don’t worry, they are mating.

How do chickens reproduce?

Chickens and roosters breed, like many other bird species, in the spring. The rooster will do a little dance around the hen he wants to mate with, he will turn around her, scraping one of her wings on the ground, if the hen doesn’t want to mate with him, she may try to run away, which will cause the rooster to chase her.

If the hen accepts, and as soon as the cock thinks it is time, he will jump on the hen to put his semen in her cloaca.

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