Home Blog Page 2

How to be a good master for your dog?

0

 

Being a responsible master requires some effort and it is not as simple as you might think … Moreover, taking responsibility must begin before adopting the dog and not only when he arrives at home because it is usually already too late. Adopting a dog is almost comparable to deciding to have children or not because a pet will become a new member of the family. You need to be sure that you can take care of it and that you can educate it properly, moreover, don’t forget that a dog is a wonderful responsibility that will depend on you because it cannot take care of itself.

If you want to know how to be a good handler for your dog and have a healthy and happy pet, read on. In this article, we will give you all the tips you need to know about how to be a good master for your dog. You will see that with a little patience and love, being a responsible master is easier than you might think.

What does it mean to be a good handler for your dog?

* Having a dog in good physical and mental health
Being a responsible guardian of a dog means many things. You’ll have to start by taking good care of your puppy. To take good care of your puppy, you’ll need to provide a safe place for him to live, as well as all the food he needs for good health. You’ll also need to provide him with medical care and take him to the vet frequently. You’ll also need to make time for daily exercise to keep your puppy healthy and happy. Ultimately, you need to make sure your dog is in good physical and mental health.

* Socializing your dog well
Besides, you will need to make sure that your dog does not become a danger to other living things. To do this, you’ll need to properly socialize your dog from an early age. This way, he will learn to live in harmony with his surroundings and will be able to establish good relationships with other people and animals. Although this is a slightly more complicated process than when they are puppies, you can also socialize an adult dog in case you adopt him later.

*Training your dog well
Most dog behavior problems have more to do with the lack of responsibility of guardians than with “bad behavior” of dogs. Many people think that all you need is a garden to have a dog, so these masters do not take responsibility for educating the animal. They think that by only giving them love, they will become experts in dog obedience. Nothing could be further from the truth… And it’s usually when behavioral problems appear that these irresponsible guardians decide that the best option is to give the animal as a gift or to abandon it… In the best of cases, they call a dog trainer or a dog ethologist.

Unfortunately, those who decide to consult a trainer are in the minority. Also, some of these people think that a dog trainer or dog educator is a person capable of “reprogramming” their dog. Irresponsible guardians believe that the dog’s behavior will magically improve with the help of a specialist. If these guardians do not play their part in training the dog, the result will be a dog that only behaves perfectly when the trainer is around, which is not what is meant by being a responsible handler.

What do you need to know before adopting a dog?

A few questions you should ask yourself to know if you are or can become a responsible dog guardian :

-Do you have enough time to devote to your dog every day? (To avoid leaving him alone all day).
-Are you prepared to clean up his needs when he does so in an inappropriate place?
Do you have time to teach him where he can and cannot relieve himself?
-If you can’t spend time with your dog, can you hire someone to walk your dog for at least two hours each day? (It wouldn’t make much sense to have him take your dog out when you can spend time with your dog).
-Will you be able to pay the bills for the vet, his kibble, the tools needed to train him and his toys?
-Are you thinking of adopting (or do you already have) a purebred dog that needs a lot of exercises? Many people adopt puppy terriers because they are small, not knowing that they are animals that need a lot of exercises daily. Other people adopt labradors because this breed is very fashionable without knowing that it is a breed of dog that needs a lot of exercises. These people end up with destructive or aggressive dogs because they need to burn off their energy in one way or another.
-Do you have enough time to socialize and train your puppy?
If you want a large breed, do you have enough strength to dominate him if you need to? Is your monthly budget going to be allocated to feed a dog over 40 kg?

Of course, you also need to ask yourself a few specific questions about the dog you have or the one you want to adopt. For example, if there is specific legislation regarding certain breeds in your city, etc… Generally, the answers to these questions are what you need to know before adopting a dog. We know that the best way to become a responsible master is simply to know the answers to all the questions we have asked you!

How do you choose your dog?

0

If you are considering adopting a dog from a shelter, we congratulate you! You will save a life, and your new friend will be very grateful. However, you may still be undecided about your choice and have many doubts about it. Will your new companion adapt to his new family, his new life? Will I be able to give him everything he needs to be happy? Choosing the right dog for a shelter can be a complicated task because of which dog to choose? How do I choose my dog? Which dog is right for me? Keep in mind that he will be our companion for a few years, so we must think carefully about his choice and try to find all the information about the dog of your dreams.

The first thing to consider is whether we have enough time for our new friend. A dog should go out at least three times a day, and at least one of these walks should be long enough for him to let off steam. Also, keep in mind that during the years you will be sharing your time, changes in your lifestyle may occur and you need to include your dog in these changes. In return, he will give you all the love, unconditional affection, and companionship that only a dog can give you.

How to choose your dog in a shelter?

The fundamental criteria to be taken into account when deciding which dog to choose for shelter are the following:

-Ask whether your lifestyle is compatible with having a dog in your home.
-Choose between adopting a puppy or an adult dog.
-If you already have a dog or cat at home, make sure they get along well with the newcomer.
-Ask yourself what traits you’re looking for in a dog.
-Choose your dog according to your personality.

Which dog is right for me?
Which dog is right for me? Before we go to the shelter, we should ask ourselves if we are looking to adopt a puppy or an adult dog. If we have enough time and patience to train a baby, we will be able to take in a puppy, but you should know that until they are 3 years old, dogs are more nervous and can cause more chaos because of their age. It is normal that until that age, they tend to bite hands and objects of all kinds, so regular supervision will be the most indicated.

On the other hand, adult and older dogs are generally calmer and also have an urgent need for a family, as most people prefer to adopt younger dogs. Whichever you choose, if you breed him properly, he will love you just as much, because dogs are very grateful animals.

The next thing to think about is the energy we want our dog to have. To do this, we need to assess our own pace of life and our own personality. We should choose a dog whose energy level is similar to ours or a little lower, but never one more energetic than us because we won’t be able to adapt to his needs and he may end up having behavioral problems due to not being able to release his energy.

Finally, you have to decide whether you want a big dog or a dog that stays small. If you live in a very small apartment, we strongly recommend that you choose a dog that stays small and adapts properly to your apartment so as not to deprive the animal of the conditions it needs to live happily.

Adopt a dog when you already have one

If we have a puppy and we want to welcome another one, we shouldn’t have a problem. Both puppies should play together and if we spay or neuter them when they are old enough, we can avoid many problems.

If, on the other hand, we have an adult dog and we want to adopt another adult dog, ideally they should get to know each other before the new one comes home. You can take your dog to the shelter to meet his new friend, this way we can make sure that they are compatible and we won’t have problems if they don’t get along. Ideally, you should adopt one that has a similar energy level to your other dog, this way the two can go together, and neither will make the other nervous.

If your dog is an adult and you want to adopt a puppy, you will also need to introduce them to each other beforehand, so that the veteran of the house doesn’t get jealous and gets used to sharing his space with a new friend.

Adopt a dog when you have a cat

When you arrive at the shelter, it is best to ask about a dog that has the characteristics you are looking for and is compatible with cats. Shelter workers and volunteers know the animals living there best and will be in the best position to advise you on choosing a dog that will get along with cats.

If your cat is an adult, you need to be more careful, as you are not sure how it will react to the arrival of a dog. It’s best to introduce them before you welcome your new friend and, when you bring them home, don’t let them out of your sight until you’re sure they don’t have compatibility problems.

Which dog do you choose when you work?

First of all, it is important to remember that no dog likes to be alone, we consider the health of the animal (physical as well as mental) to be of prime importance. Therefore, if you feel that you will not have enough time to devote to your dog, it is better not to adopt one for the moment. It is true that there are dogs that are calm, patient by nature, and can be left unattended for a while, but all need the attention and presence of their guardian on a frequent basis. Leaving your dog alone at home all day when you go to work is not advisable, as this can lead to several behavioral disorders in the dog.

However, and always in moderation, you can gradually accustom the dog to your absences. The sooner you start, during his puppy stage, the more receptive your dog will be. The learning of solitude should be done in stages to allow him to feel reassured and thus be able to endure a few hours of solitude per day.

On the other hand, you must get to know your dog and his personality so that you can adapt to his behavior as best as possible. The more you get to know your dog, his fears, what makes him react, and how he behaves, the easier it will be for you to introduce new habits into his lifestyle, such as spending several hours alone at home.

Test: which breed of dog is right for us?

If you’ve come this far, it’s because you’re really determined to adopt a dog and to answer the question “How do you choose your dog? ยป. Good for you! In the following pages, we’ll show you a few personality traits with which you can surely identify yourself, as well as the dogs best suited to each of these traits! You will then be able to know more precisely which dog is right for you.

Which breed of dog to choose? Most importantly, which breed of dog is right for me? If you are a sporty person, who likes to walk, run, discover new places, and you wish to be accompanied during your long walks or sports sessions, a dog like the Border collie, the Australian Shepherd, the German Shepherd or the Labrador retriever may be just right for you! For more information and to discover more dog breeds, see our article 25 breeds of sporting dogs. We are sure you will find what you are looking for.

On the contrary, if you are a calm person, who enjoys silence and relaxed activities, there is nothing better than adopting a dog like the Greyhound, the Akita Inu, or the Shih Tzu. If in doubt, we are sure that our article “What are the quietest breeds of dogs” will help you make up your mind!

If you are an independent person and are looking for a dog that is also independent, the Chow-chow, the Shiba Inu, or the Pekingese are some of the most independent dog breeds. However, be careful not to neglect your dog. Even if you choose a dog with independent behavior, remember that dogs are nothing like cats in this respect. They need a lot more attention than cats.

 

 

 

 

Cat Convulsions – Causes, Treatment and What to Do

0

 

We know that taking care of your cat’s health is essential to giving her the quality of life she so richly deserves. Cats are generally strong and resilient animals that are not prone to disease. But that doesn’t mean you should let your guard down and ignore strange behavior.

A cat’s convulsion is a very uncomfortable situation to live in. It’s also a distressing situation for the cat, who doesn’t understand what’s happening to it. However, staying calm, helping him at the moment, and going to the vet is the best way to help him. This is why we want to talk to you about the cat’s seizure, its causes, and what to do when it happens. So, if you follow the advice in our article “Cat Seizure – Causes, Treatment and What to Do”, you’ll know how to treat the problem in the most appropriate way.

What are the symptoms of cat seizure?

The main symptoms of cat seizure are as follows:

-Uncontrolled movement of the legs.
-rigid body
-Loss of knowledge
-Uncontrolled mastication
-Drop to the side
-Salivation
-Defecation and urination
Read the rest of our article “Cat Cat Convulsions – Causes, Treatment and What to Do” for more details on this condition.

What is cat seizure?

It is a series of repetitive and uncontrollable movements produced by an alteration in the normal functioning of brain activity. A simple way to explain this process is to say that it is caused by the fact that the neurons, which are responsible for transporting electrical impulses through the nervous system, receive more excitement than they can handle, causing abnormal electrical discharges in the brain as a result of over-stimulation.

When the brain receives these abnormal shocks, it reacts with the obvious signs of a convulsion. The danger lies not only in the cat’s convulsion itself, but it can also cause brain damage and affect other organs, such as the lungs. That’s why early diagnosis and prompt treatment are essential to avoid fatal consequences.

Convulsions are not common in felines and are usually a symptom of another disease. They should not be confused with cat epilepsy. Epilepsy is a self-manifesting, lifelong disease, with no other disease influencing its onset. Conversely, the convulsion is accompanied and caused by other conditions, although it does not disappear completely with treatment, although it can be controlled.

Causes of the cat’s convulsion

Many disorders can have as a symptom the cat’s convulsion, including the following:

-Infectious diseases: toxoplasmosis, encephalitis, meningitis, peritonitis, among others.
-Congenital malformations: hydrocephalus, etc.
-Head trauma.
-Cerebrovascular diseases.
-Intoxications: with insecticides, poisons against parasites, parasiticides for external use, household products with toxic and dangerous labels.
-Diseases of metabolic origin: hypoglycemia, thyroid pathologies, liver problems, among others.
-Brain smokers.
-Rabies.
-Use of certain drugs.
-Thiamine deficiency.
-Feline leukemia.
-Presence of certain parasites that have migrated abnormally into the cat’s body.
Feline immunodeficiency.

Cat convulsions: symptoms

In cats, the convulsion manifests itself in different ways. In some cases, the symptoms are quite obvious, while in others, the signs may be difficult to detect. The most common signs are :

-Uncontrolled movement of the legs
-rigid body
-Loss of knowledge
-Uncontrolled mastication
-Drop to the side
-Salivation
-Defecation and urination
The convulsion may last 2-3 minutes, and before it appears, the cat may try to attract the attention of its guardian or, on the contrary, hide. These types of episodes are easy to identify, although other less serious signs may also occur, manifesting themselves in behaviors such as obsessive tail chasing, uncontrolled facial movements, and chasing something that isn’t there, among others. In these cases, the cat only partially loses consciousness of what is happening. Any abnormal behavior should be reported immediately to your veterinarian.

Cat convulsion: what to do during the seizure?

When a seizure episode occurs in a cat, you need to be prepared to know what to do, because any mistake will hurt you or the cat, or the seizure will last longer. This is why we recommend that you :

-Stay calm: avoid crying, making loud noises, or even talking to the cat, as these types of stimuli can further excite the cat’s nervous system.
-Removing any object that could injure the cat. However, avoid touching it, as it could bite or scratch you, as it will not be aware of what it is doing. You should only touch the cat if it is in danger of falling from somewhere. In this case, we recommend that you pick it up with a towel and put it on the floor or handle it with a pair of kitchen gloves.
-Eliminate any noise that may be present in the environment, such as television or music. Turn off the lights and even close your shutters if the sunlight is intense.
-Do not wrap the cat if it is not necessary. Also, don’t expose it to the heat from the heater.
-Don’t try to give the cat food or water.
Never self-medicate. Only a veterinarian can tell you how to do this.
-Once the crisis is over, take him to a cool place under your supervision and contact your veterinarian.

Cat convulsion: what is the diagnosis?

-To make a satisfactory diagnosis of cat’s convulsion, you must provide the veterinarian with all the information about the signs you were able to detect, which will help him/her to know which tests are the most appropriate to detect the origin of the problem. The purpose of the diagnosis is to determine whether the cat has epilepsy or seizures and what might be causing them. In this sense, it may include :
-Complete medical history – information on all diseases, injuries, and various ailments of the cat throughout its life. Vaccines administered and medications used.
-General physical examination.
-Neurological studies.
Electroencephalograms, electrocardiograms, X-rays, and MRIs, among others.
-Urine and blood tests.
Of course, it will not be necessary to perform each of these medical studies in all cases.

Cat convulsions: what treatment should be followed?

Treatment for cat convulsions aims both to reduce the frequency and intensity of the attacks and to eradicate their cause. Of course, depending on the cause, a specific treatment will be necessary, prescribed by your veterinarian.

With regard to convulsions, phenobarbital is often used in animals to prevent seizures and diazepam to control them when they occur. However, the drugs must be prescribed by your doctor, as well as the doses and frequency of medication. These two specific components cannot be used in cats with liver problems.

Usually, medications must be given for life, always at the same time, and at the same dose. The convulsion may recur, but the animal will be able to lead a normal life if the veterinarian’s recommendations are followed.

Early diagnosis and continued treatment can greatly improve the cat’s condition, but the longer you wait to see a specialist, the worse the final prognosis will be, reducing the chances of the cat leading a normal life and increasing the risk of more frequent seizures.

It is also recommended that you keep your cat indoors to prevent her from having seizures outdoors, which would expose her to all sorts of dangers that you could not remedy.

Cat Stroke
A cat’s stroke is one of the most common medical emergencies that can save and, more importantly, help a cat recover from it. There are 2 forms of strokes in cats, the first being an alteration of blood flow in the brain and the second being a cerebral hemorrhage. A cat stroke can cause, among other symptoms, a cat’s convulsion which will not always be detectable because it can be of very short duration.

Often impressive because of its sudden onset, it is essential to describe what you observe on the phone to the emergency veterinarian for better management. Once the emergency treatment has been applied, it is essential to carry out an extension assessment, but also the causes of the stroke.

Epilepsy in cats: natural treatment
If your cat, unfortunately, suffers from epileptic seizures, be sure to consult your veterinarian first in case you want to give the feline a natural treatment. When treating a cat’s epilepsy or any other disease, the advice of your veterinarian is paramount, and as we said earlier, you should never self-medicate your cat.

There are natural treatments to prevent cat epilepsy that can be administered along with the anti-epileptic drugs prescribed by your veterinarian. Diet is always a good starting point since the health of the nervous system and brain depends largely on an adequate supply of nutrients. Therefore, whenever possible, make sure you buy good quality food, preferably organic.

 

 

This article is purely informative, we do not have the expertise to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to bring your animal to the veterinarian if it presents the symptoms of a fever or a disease.

A small miracle performed by the coronavirus

0

Looks like giant pandas have more modesty than we thought and need their privacy.
After ten years of unsuccessful attempts to mate Ying Ying and Le Le, two giant pandas, in Hong Kong’s Ocean Park, zoo officials announced that the two animals had finally succeeded in fulfilling their dream of love.
“The success of the natural mating process that took place today is extremely exciting for all of us, as the possibility of pregnancy through natural mating is greater than artificial insemination,” said Michael Boos, Executive Director of Zoological Operations and Conservation at Ocean Park, in a press release.
Due to the coronavirus epidemic, the park has been closed to visitors since late January. In recent times, park staff has begun to notice in the two giant pandas some behaviors that are common during the breeding season, which occur every year between March and May.
“Since the end of March, Ying Ying began to spend more time playing in the water, while Le Le left traces of perfume around her habitat and searched the area for the scent of Ying Ying,” reads the press release.
It’s still too early to tell if a baby panda is on the way, but the staff is closely monitoring Ying’s body and behavioral changes.
“If successful, signs of pregnancy, including fluctuations in hormone levels and behavioral changes, can be observed as early as the end of June, although there is always the possibility that Ying Ying may experience pseudo-pregnancy,” Boos said.
If pregnancy is confirmed it would be great news for the conservation of this and other species currently listed among the vulnerable species, very close to being considered at risk of extinction.
There are only about 1800 giant pandas left in the world in their natural habitat.
“We hope to bring good news about this pregnancy that will contribute to the conservation of this vulnerable species,” Boos concluded.
If Ying Ying is pregnant, the gestation period for giant pandas varies between 72 and 324 days. The zoo said it will share further updates on gestation progress and future maternity.

In Australia, the first koalas rescued from the fires are returning to freedom.

0

Australia, like the rest of the world, is facing the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus, but from Kangaroo Land we finally get some good news: the first koalas saved from the fires that devastated Australian territory in the last months of 2019 have been released into the wild.

Last year, during the terrible crisis caused by the huge forest fires that devastated their habitat, many Koalas were saved thanks to the intervention of firefighters and many volunteers, but their species has suffered a very serious loss in terms of numbers. The saved koalas were initially introduced into zoos and animal hospitals.

The forest fire season in Australia officially ended on March 31st and now rescue workers are releasing the koalas, in some cases positioning them in the very places where they came from.

The first koalas were released by Sydney’s conservation organization, the Science for Wildlife. The non-profit group released 12 koalas back into their natural habitat on 25 and 27 March.

These koalas were rescued in December last year and were subsequently released to the staff of the Taronga Zoo in Sydney.

Dr. Kellie Leigh, Executive Director of Science for Wildlife, explained that “The koalas have coped very well with all the treatment they have undergone, and now we are delighted to be able to return them to their homes. Before releasing them, we examined the areas destroyed by the fires from which they had been taken, so we could determine whether the habitat conditions had improved to such an extent that the animals were able to sustain themselves. The recent rains have allowed the koalas to grow again, so now is the right time to set them free. The koalas will be monitored by radio chips so they can be sure of their health.

On Monday 23rd and Wednesday 25th March, through the support of the San Diego Zoo, the S4W were thrilled to return all our koalas to their natural habitat, located in the Blue Mountains. These koalas were saved from the devastating mega-fire that broke out in the area in December 2019. The koalas were secured, cared for, and fed by the fantastic staff at Taronga Zoo Sydney, together with the Science for Wildlife group.

The koalas were released not only in the Blue Mountains but also in other parts of New South Wales, the state where Sydney is located.

Staff and volunteers at Port Macquarie Koala Hospital, located a four-hour drive north of Sydney, released their first koala in its natural habitat on April 2. The four-year-old specimen named Anwen was rescued in October last year and will be the first of the 26 koalas rescued to be released from the animal hospital in the coming days.

The remaining koalas in the hospital will be divided into three groups and then returned to their natural habitat in Crowdy Bay, south of Port Macquarie, and two areas of the Innes Lake Nature Reserve.

Sue Ashton, President of Port Macquarie Koala Hospital, said, “This was a unique experience, full of emotion. Being able to give back the freedom to so many of our koalas in their natural habitats, in some cases directly in the trees where they lived, made me extremely happy. Anwen was our first koala to be saved from forest fires, and her recovery was extraordinary. Being able to see that the habitat and the koala population is starting to recover from the devastating fire marks a moment of immense pride for Australia.

The Koala Hospital in Port Macquarie also took care of the koalas in Taree, the Blue Mountains, and Hawkesbury. The hospital informed in a note that the koalas will all be returned to their natural habitats.

One of the koalas being treated at Port Macquarie Koala Hospital

The last season of forest fires in Australia has unfortunately almost doubled the country’s greenhouse gas emissions and, due to the immense damage, the country has had to change the rules of its program, the Working Holiday Visa, to allow British people to volunteer in areas devastated by fires, to obtain a visa for the coming years.

Is the polar bear endangered?

0

The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a carnivorous mammal that lives in the icy areas of the northern hemisphere. It is characterized by a white coat that allows it to adapt to its frozen environment, it is an excellent swimmer who spends a very large part of its life submerged in the icy waters of the Arctic, it is estimated that it has lived there for at least 120,000 years.

In recent decades, the situation of the polar bear has generated a great deal of controversy as it is in critical danger of extinction. In this article, we will explain why the polar bear is endangered and give you some tips to help improve the sad situation in which it finds itself.

Physical Characteristics of the Polar Bear

Even if it doesn’t look it at first glance, the polar bear’s skin is black. Studies show that it allows them to capture the sun’s rays and prevent heat loss during the winter. Thus, this accumulation of light is what allows their fur to have this white color.

The paws of this species are the most developed of the bears, they allow them to walk and move over very long distances with ease on the snow. Polar bears have a long snout and an extra layer of body fat that allows them to withstand very low temperatures.

In terms of size, male polar bears are over 2 meters tall and weigh about 500 kg, while females weigh only 250 kg.

 

Polar bear feeding

As for their diet, the polar bear is a carnivorous animal, even though it ingests a minimal amount of vegetation during the Arctic summer. Despite their great ability to move around in the water, polar bears capture their prey on land or the ice. Their favorite prey is seals, beluga whales, and other marine animals.

They consume around 30 kg of food per day, they do not drink water because the water at the North Pole is salty and acidic. To hydrate themselves, they extract the liquid they need from the blood of their prey.

To discover the animals of the North Pole, it is here: Animals of the North Pole

Polar Bear Status

According to the IUCN Red List, in 2015 Ursus maritimus has increased in the category about its conservation status. Thus, the majority of the specimens that exist today survive in a state of vulnerability caused by a drastic drop in its population. Part of the problem is caused by hunting, which has been practiced on polar bears for decades.

Why is the polar bear endangered?
Currently, it is banned in some countries, however, in Canada and Russia, it remains a legal practice that attracts hunting tourism, local hunters, and certain peoples, such as the Inuit.

In addition to hunting, another serious threat to the polar bear is global warming… especially if we refer to the pollution in the ice and the atmosphere of the Arctic soil. These facts have drastically reduced the bears’ habitable surface area. Also, if polar bears do not move once they have reached their fat reserves, they are likely to suffer from breeding difficulties.

Finally, the consequences of the growth of the oil industry in the northern hemisphere cannot be ignored. Exploitation has caused a more than notable destruction of the habitat of this species and many others.

 

How many polar bears are left in the world?

The vast majority of polar bears live in Alaska, Greenland, and Siberia, so, normally, many people might think they are far from the big cities and, ultimately, from the terrible effects of pollution. Nevertheless, the current situation is so serious that it has managed to reduce the number of specimens of these animals to the point where they are considered an endangered species.

According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the polar bear is a mammal that is classified as Vulnerable on its Red List of Threatened Species. This organization confirms that it is possible that the polar bear population could decline by more than a third in the next 35 / 40 years.

On the other hand, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), there are only 20,000 polar bear specimens left on the planet, so if the situation goes from bad to worse, there won’t be any more polar bears at the end of the century…

How can we prevent the polar bear from disappearing?

To combat the alarming situation in which polar bears find themselves and avoid their total disappearance, it is necessary to move towards a more responsible lifestyle. Climate change and the destruction of the habitat of these animals can only improve if a man makes an effort.

If you want to contribute to building a better world, follow these simple tips:

-Take less car and plane: this will reduce the carbon dioxide emissions caused by the use of oil, which, it’s no secret, pollutes a lot.
-Save electricity and gas: This activity will reduce both carbon dioxide emissions and the destruction of polar bear habitat because one of the reasons polar bears are threatened is because of the exploitation of resources in the northern hemisphere.
-Collaborate with organizations that are fighting for conservation: whether on a one-off or long-term basis, your participation in raising awareness, fighting, and passing on a message as important as preserving the environment and nature.
To stop climate change, global change at a governmental and political level is needed. Environmental agreements must be established and the cessation of certain activities must be guaranteed. However, small actions also contribute to the evolution and advancement of general awareness for a more respectful and eco-responsible mentality. It is only then that a change worthy of the name can take place.

 

Bear hibernation

0

Bears are terrestrial mammals that inhabit different ecosystems around the world. In forests, grasslands, and polar areas we can find different species of bears, all of them, however, are always at the top of the food chain in their environment. How many of you know about the habits and life cycle of bears?

Among the different beliefs that exist around this species, there is one that states that they sleep throughout the winter. What is this really about? Do bears hibernate?

Characteristics of the bear

Bears are mammals that can grow to a size of between 1.3 and 2.8 meters, and in some species can weigh up to 500 kg. These physical characteristics make bears one of the largest land animals on the planet. Their appearance varies from species to species, but all have ears and small tails, an elongated snout, small eyes, and a large head. Their legs are short but extremely strong with five toes with long curved claws.

In general, their sense of sight and hearing are not very developed, however, their sense of smell is very keen, enabling them to locate food.

The bear’s coat is long and abundant. Colors vary from chestnut, black, and white. Also, there are specimens of strange bears, such as the panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca ), which is characterized by a black and white coat, and the spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus ) which can be distinguished by white circles around the eyes.

In terms of their geographical distribution, bears live all over the world, from Europe and Asia to Africa or North and South America. They are omnivorous animals that can feed on both plants and animals. Some are only herbivorous like the panda, and others follow a completely carnivorous diet like polar bears.

Bears begin to reproduce between the ages of 5 and 9 when they reach sexual maturity. Once the cubs are born, they feed on their mother’s milk.

Which bears are hibernating?

Bears are on the list of animals that hibernate. Bears hibernate differently than other species that hibernate during cold weather. Unlike other species, bears do not lose their ability to perceive what is going on around them, they react to sudden sounds and they can come out of their torpor to see if the weather has improved, this is called wintering.

However, which bears are hibernating? The truth is that not all species need to do so. The panda, for example, does not have this need because its bamboo-based diet prevents it from having enough strength to begin this state of inactivity. Spectacled bears do not do this either, as their food is available in their habitat all year round, in the same way as the lippu bear (Melursus ursinus).

Asian black bears (Ursus thibetanus) can hibernate or stay awake all year round depending on the amount of food they have available. Black bears (Ursus americanus) enter a state of drowsiness, but wake up easily, just like brown bears. Polar bears hibernate completely.

Why do bears hibernate?

Bears hibernate differently than other species because if they find enough food throughout the year and the weather conditions are right for their bodies, they can decide to hibernate or not.

However, why do bears hibernate? During the winter, most of their prey either hibernate or become much rarer. Besides, trees lose their leaves and fruit, so there is a shortage of food in winter. So hibernating is a good way to survive this harsh season because it allows them to survive without needing to eat.

To be able to hibernate, they must meet a series of physical conditions to endure this period without feeding. The first and most important one is to accumulate enough fat during the rest of the year. When bears hibernate, they lower their body temperature and palpitations so that they lose about 40% of their total weight.

Can a bear wake up when it’s hibernating?

Once they hibernate, can bears wake up? The answer is yes! These animals are usually very sensitive to any outside stimulus they perceive. For this reason, a sudden sound or contact with another animal may very well wake them up.

It is important to note that bears do not wake up from this long period of hibernation to satisfy their physiological needs. Their bodies have different micro-organisms that take advantage of the nutrients in their urine and feces by converting them into amino acids needed by the bear’s body.

Polar Bear Hibernation
Polar bears (Ursus maritinus) live in the iciest areas of the earth, places where temperatures rarely exceed frostbite. They have a coat that protects them from extreme cold, below which they have black skin. They are among the most threatened bear species, as they are classified as “vulnerable” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). They have a life expectancy of 30 years, however, there are very few that reach 18 years due to the destruction of their habitat.

Polar bears hibernate during the coldest months. At that time, they seek natural refuges such as caves or caverns that will allow them to maintain their body heat while providing security. Polar bear cubs may be born during hibernation and their instincts will allow them to access their mother’s milk to survive.

 

The 5 birds that sing best

0

 

If you are thinking of adopting a songbird to brighten up your mornings or if you want to attract birds to your garden, we will review the birds that sing best and detail some interesting facts you should consider.

Remember that birds need very specific care and are very delicate animals, so it will be essential to consider whether you will be able to keep them before adopting one. We stress that exotic veterinarians are not exactly cheap.

However, with proper care, you will be able to keep your songbird away from disease for many years.

1. The goldfinch

The goldfinch is undoubtedly a bird with beautiful colors and a magnificent song. The competitions in which many tutors are proud to show the delicacy of this bird’s voice is well known. It is really popular and we are not surprised.

However, due to the bad practice of raising wild birds and illegal activities in which goldfinches are abused, their possession, breeding or adoption has been banned in various places. It is a protected bird and for this reason, you will only be able to enjoy it in the wild, in a free state.

However, in some places, the possession of males is allowed, provided they have the appropriate certificate. We still advise you not to resort to these practices since most captured birds end up dying of sadness and anxiety by being suddenly locked up in small cages.

2. The canary

The second bird on our list is the canary, a truly popular bird and well known for its intense yellow color. Of course, there are canaries of all colors including white or red.

They are really beautiful, playful and very intelligent. Also, they sing beautifully. Having a canary at home will liven up your mornings and the best of all is that no matter which sex you choose, both will give off a beautiful song. On the other hand, the male’s song is generally more nuanced and intense.

The canary, unlike the goldfinch, is not a protected bird and can be adopted without a problem wherever you are.

3. The blackbird

Although it is not usual to see a person with a blackbird as a pet, it has nevertheless been nicknamed “The Beethoven of Birds”. In addition to being very intelligent, blackbirds can learn a variety of songs and create well-crafted melodies on their own.

Feel free to sow a few seeds to bring blackbirds into your garden. You will be really surprised when you hear him singing. Currently, possession of blackbirds in houses is not allowed.

4. The Nightingale

Present in European and Asian forests, this little bird sings astonishingly. It understands very different tonalities and generally learns the melodies of its parents and then passes them on to their descendants. Its colors are brownish, rather simple and humble, unlike its beautiful voice.

Unlike other birds, he does not only sing but also in the evening. The nightingale likes to sing late at night, breaking the silence of darkness.

5. The robin

The most remarkable feature of the robin is its pretty red collar. However, its delicate song attracts all bird lovers. It travels from Northern Europe to Central Asia and later to the Maghreb, always in search of warmth. It is also found in the Canary Islands and the British Isles.

Unlike other birds, the robin is less wary of humans. This is perhaps why it is represented at different times, whether in Viking mythology, the French Middle Ages or during the Roman Empire.

Cleaning your dog’s paws after a walk during confinement

0

 

The current pandemic has led governments around the world to take extraordinary containment measures that also affect pets. In the case of dogs, their walks have been impacted.

Even though current evidence tells us that they cannot contract or transmit Covid-19, it is still best to follow basic hygiene rules. In this article, we will explain how to clean your dog’s paws after a walk in quarantine.

Can I walk my dog during a lockdown?

Given the current situation, it is normal for guardians to have doubts about how to clean their dog’s paws after a walk in quarantine. There are also many questions about confinement and its effects on dogs.

Generally speaking, in France, the need for a dog to be able to walk has been respected and it is possible to walk him at least several times a day so that he can relieve himself. Also, veterinarians have not closed because they are considered essential services. To make an appointment with the veterinarian, you will need to call beforehand to arrange an appointment time, this allows the veterinary clinics to regulate the flow of patients they receive in the clinic.

If you have any doubts, do not hesitate to call and they will explain how to proceed. As recommendations may vary over time and according to the evolution of the pandemic or even differ by country, we always recommend that you consult official and up-to-date information sources in your country of residence.

How do you walk your dog during confinement?

Walking your dog during confinement will not be the same as before. It is not possible to let them run around freely, to let them interact with each other or with other people. Therefore, outings to walk your dog should be limited to a few minutes, just enough time for them to relieve themselves. The distance covered should be limited to the area around your home and public areas such as beaches, the countryside, gardens, or parks should not be accessible.

You must always keep your dog tied up. You can, however, use a long leash to give your dog as much freedom of movement as possible. Of course, even if you live with the dog in a group, only one of you will be able to go out with the dog, and it is recommended that you make sure that it is always the same person. It is also recommended that the walk be carried out at less busy times to minimize the risk of contact. As before confinement, it is obligatory to go out with plastic bags to collect the dog’s feces. In some cities, it is also mandatory to bring a small bottle of water to clean up the remains of urine.

Remember that not following the standards dictated by the authorities in your country, city, or region may result in a fine. Once the walk is over, in the next box of our article Cleaning your dog’s paws after a walk during confinement we will explain how to clean your dog’s paws when returning from a walk during confinement.

How do I disinfect my dog’s paws during confinement?

As stated, there is currently no evidence that dogs can play a role in the transmission of Covid-19 disease. There is also no evidence that they can contract the new SARS-Cov-2 virus or infect their fellow dogs. However, to avoid any risk, veterinary authorities have explained how to clean the paws after a walk during confinement.

You are lucky because it’s super easy to do! You just need to wipe his paws and muzzle with a wipe. You can also use water and dog shampoo that you usually use. Under no circumstances should you use irritating products such as alcohol on your dog, let alone bleach, even if you dilute it.

Other hygiene measures after the walk
After taking your dog out, you should also wash your hands properly. This hygienic routine, performed with soap and water and following the health recommendations, should be done both after and before walking. As soon as you touch a dog, it is recommended that you wash your hands. Similarly, the dog’s objects should be cleaned frequently.

Can I walk my dog if I have coronavirus?

The answer is no, if you have the coronavirus and you are quarantined, you will not be able to walk your dog. People who test positive for coronavirus, who may or may not have symptoms, must remain in quarantine to avoid infecting other people. Therefore, people who have not been tested but who have symptoms of CoV-2-SARS should also remain in quarantine. Ideally, these people should be isolated from other family members and pets within the household. Another person should be responsible for walking the dog, carefully following the recommendations of the health authorities, and cleaning the dog’s paws after walking during containment, as explained in the previous box.

The problem is that many guardians live alone, so they will have to give their dog to a third person or ask their neighbors to look after the dog. Alternatively, you can leave your dog with a kennel or association that will take care of it while you are unable to care for it.

How do you make a poisoned cat vomit?

0

 

Everyone knows that feline curiosity is infinite. Exploring an unknown space, examining what you’re doing, searching for anything that attracts their attention is completely normal behavior for them. However, sometimes this kind of behavior can lead to unexpected complications.

This curiosity can lead the cat to swallow substances or objects that are very dangerous for him. In some cases, to save his life, you may have to make him vomit while you take him to the vet.

How do you make a poisoned cat vomit?

To save the life of a poisoned cat it is sometimes mandatory to try to make him vomit while you take him to the vet :

-By using hydrogen peroxide (5 ml for 2.5 kg).
-With salt. ( 1 to 3 spoonfuls of salt for 250 ml of water)

To stop the progression of the poison you can use :

*Activated charcoal.
*Enema.
*Laxatives.

We must help a cat to vomit?

Before explaining the best technique to make your cat vomit, you should know that it is not recommended to do so in all situations. So, if you try to make your cat vomit without knowing if this is the right time, the consequences can be very serious, even fatal.

Vomiting should only be induced when you are completely sure what your cat has swallowed. You should only do this when she has eaten a plant that is toxic to cats (such as the Christmas star, ivy, or lily among others). Or if she’s ingested a plant that’s recently come into contact with pesticides or fertilizers.

However, you should never make him vomit when :

-It’s already been two hours or more since the cat ingested the toxin.
-The cat has ingested a sharp object that can pierce its stomach or esophagus: needles, small pieces of metal, or toothpicks among other sharp objects.
-The cat has swallowed tranquilizers or other medication.
He has ingested flammable substances, alkaline, acidic, corrosive, or petroleum-based solutions: chlorine, oils, gasoline, car maintenance products, household cleaners, poisons, etc…
-The cat is unconscious or semi-conscious.

This is very important because if you make a cat vomit in the situations we have just described you can cause internal injury and second-degree burns.

Before you make a cat vomit:

Before you make your cat vomit you must make sure that the product he has ingested and that you are trying to get out is not one of those we have mentioned before. The best thing to do is to call the veterinarian on call for advice on what to do.

Other tips to follow before making a cat vomit:

-Never make a cat vomit if it has fallen in failure, is unable to swallow, has had a seizure, or is suffering from an epileptic fit.
-Making a cat vomit once two hours have passed is useless. The product is already in the small intestine, making it impossible to extract it naturally.
Never try to make him vomit if he has ingested a sharp object.
If he has swallowed tranquilizers, one of the effects is to prevent vomiting. So, if that’s what he swallowed, the only thing to do is take your cat to the vet.
Never use milk, water with vinegar, alcohol, ether, or any other substance (except those we will recommend later) to make your cat vomit.
Once your cat has vomited, clean the surface immediately to prevent it from ingesting the substance again (more usual than you might think).
Both if you succeed in making him vomit, and if you fail, you’ll have to go to the vet for an evaluation of the animal’s condition. Even if you have managed to expel most of the ingested product, many toxins remain lethal in small doses.

In the next paragraphs of our article How to make a poisoned cat vomit, we will talk about five techniques that will allow you to make your cat vomit or to prevent the poison from acting!

How to make a cat vomit with hydrogen peroxide

Warning: Hydrogen peroxide (hydrogen peroxide) is a toxic substance but very convenient to induce vomiting. If you give it to your cat you must carefully follow the instructions for recommended doses.

Recommended doses: 5 milliliters for every 2.5 kg of weight. For a 5 kg cat, the average weight of a house cat, only 10 milligrams, about two tablespoons. Use 3% hydrogen peroxide, especially not a higher concentration as the result can be harmful.

Administration: best to use a small syringe. If you don’t have one, you can use a small spoon. Take milliliters of hydrogen peroxide according to your weight. Hold the cat on your legs or wrap it in a towel and let only its head out0. Place the syringe towards the cheek, between the teeth, and very gently drip one milliliter each time. This way you leave time for the cat to swallow the peroxide. Remember not to aim directly at the throat as this will startle the cat.

If you use a spoon instead of a syringe, follow the same procedure. Drop the liquid between the teeth at the sides of the muzzle.

Once you have finished the contents of the syringe, wait for 10 to 15 minutes until your cat vomits. If she doesn’t vomit, repeat the treatment up to a maximum of three doses.

Both if she vomits and if she doesn’t, you’ll need to take her to the vet for a swab. If he does manage to vomit you can relax and go to the vet more quietly. If, on the other hand, he doesn’t manage to expel what is poisoning him, your cat will need immediate medical attention.

How to make a cat vomit with salt :
Warning: It is not advisable to include salt in a cat’s diet, however salt is one of the most recommended minerals used to induce vomiting. It is used by veterinarians but also at home.

-Recommended dose: you will need 1 to 3 spoonfuls of salt for every 250 ml of water. Afterward, you will have to homogenize the mixture and put it in a syringe. You will need a smaller or larger syringe depending on the size of the cat.

-Administration: You must empty the water and salt solution down the cat’s throat. First, you will observe some salivation, discomfort, and a first attempt to vomit. If nothing happens after 10 minutes, it is better to try to repeat the procedure up to a maximum of 3 doses.

After your cat has vomited, it is essential to go to the vet to rule out possible poisoning or damage of any kind to the cat’s body.

What else can I do?
Besides making your cat vomit, certain products will allow you to prevent the absorption of the toxic product:

*Active carbon: it can absorb impurities, poisons, and toxic substances. This is why it is very practical in case of ingestion of one of these substances. It is a fairly fine black dust that you can find in health food stores and other types of drugstores. It can also be found in tablet form in pharmacies. We recommend that you administer 1 gram of activated charcoal for each kilogram of the cat.
*Enemas: Enemas are liquids that are introduced through the tract to help the animal evacuate.
*Laxatives: Laxatives speed up intestinal transit. It is thanks to this that you can avoid the absorption of part of the toxic product ingested by the cat. Although there are several types, we recommend using sodium sulfate. You should use 1 gram for every kg of the cat’s weight.

Always remember that these are first aid tips that you should only use in an emergency. In any case, if you observe that your cat has been poisoned you should call your vet as soon as possible.

This article is purely informative, we do not have the expertise to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if it presents symptoms of fever or illness.

Recent Posts

Phasellus elit. ut id, at tempus risus Praesent mattis Aenean massa