Cat coronavirus is a disease that worries many families, which is why it is so important that you are properly informed about how it is transmitted, the symptoms experienced by the animal and the treatment to be applied in case of contagion.
The coronavirus, received its name for the shape of the small crown it has, its special characteristics make it a particularly dangerous virus, which is why you will have to be very careful and be very attentive if your cat has come into contact with infected animals. In this article Cat Coronavirus – Symptoms and Treatment, find out everything you need to know about cat coronavirus, its symptoms and the correct treatment in cases where your cat has caught feline coronavirus.
What is cat coronavirus?
It is a virus that presents small projections on its exterior, giving it the characteristic shape of a crown, to which it owes its name. Feline enteric coronavirus is a virus that is not very resistant in the surrounding environment, which makes it easily destructible by high temperatures and disinfectants.
This virus has a special predilection for the cells of the epithelium of the cat’s intestine, giving rise to mild and chronic gastroenteritis. The virus is expelled through the feces, the main source of contagion. One of the main characteristics of this virus is its ability to mutate, giving rise to another disease, known as feline infectious peritonitis. This is a typical disease of cats less than 1 year old or in elderly, weak, immunocompromised cats that live in groups.
Symptoms of cat coronavirus
Feline enteric coronavirus produces mild and/or chronic gastroenteritis, resulting in the following symptoms:
Many cats are quite resistant to the disease, developing no symptoms, passing from being carriers and eliminating the viruses through the stool. Nevertheless, as we said, the danger of the coronavirus is its mutation, which gives rise to feline infectious peritonitis (FIP).
Symptoms of feline infectious peritonitis
Infectious peritonitis in cats is a disease produced by a mutation of the feline enteric coronavirus. It can manifest itself in two different ways, dry or without effusion (chronic) and wet or with effusion (acute).
Dry (chronic) infectious peritonitis – Symptoms
In the first, the virus can affect multiple organs, generating a wide variety of symptoms, such as :
-Lack of appetite
-Accumulation of liquid
Infectious wet peritonitis (acute) – Symptoms
The wet form is characterized by the formation of fluids in the animal’s body cavities, such as the peritoneum and pleura (abdominal and thoracic cavity). Thus, its symptoms would be :
-Lack of appetite
-Inflammation of lymphatic nodules
-Inflammation of the kidneys
In both forms, fever, lack of appetite and lethargy (the animal is not attentive to its surroundings and takes longer to react to stimulus) are observed in cats.
Life expectancy of a cat infected with feline coronavirus
The life expectancy of a cat with coronavirus will vary according to the severity of the disease, although both forms shorten the life of the animal considerably. Wet feline infectious peritonitis, which is the most severe form of coronavirus in cats, the disease can end the life of a cat between 5 and 7 weeks from the time the mutation occurs.
In the case of dry feline infectious peritonitis, a cat’s life expectancy increases to just under a year. This is why it is so important that you take your cat to the vet as soon as possible.
Transmission of the cat’s coronavirus
Suffering and overcoming the disease generates a certain immunity in cats that does not last very long, which means that the animal can re-infect itself, thus repeating the cycle. When a cat lives alone, the animal can contaminate itself, through its litter box, because, as we said, the coronavirus is transmitted through the animal’s stools.
In the case where several cats live together, the risk of contagion increases considerably, due to the fact that they all share the same litter box, passing the disease to each other.
Treatment for the cat’s coronavirus
Since it is a viral disease that has no treatment, one generally tries to focus on treating the symptoms while waiting for the cat’s immune response.
On the other hand, preventive treatments are recommended in order to avoid the spread of the disease. Vaccination is the first choice, as well as making several litter boxes available to your cats, which reduces the possibility of transmission between them.
If you wish to adopt a new cat, we recommend that you have it vaccinated.
Is the cat’s coronavirus transmissible to humans?
The cat coronavirus is not on the list of zoo noses, but… what is a zoonotic? A zoonotic is a disease that an animal can transmit to humans, don’t worry! The cat coronavirus is therefore not a disease that can be transmitted to humans, but it is nevertheless extremely contagious between animals, which is why you should take all the precautions described in our article.
This article is purely informative, we do not have the expertise to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian if it presents the symptoms of a fever or a disease.