The German Boxer Dog is a working and companion dog breed of the hound type. Of medium size, it has been used as a guard dog for years. It is a cross between a Brabant Bullenbeisser and a Bulldog of yesteryear, two breeds that have now disappeared.
He first appeared in Munich (Germany) in a kennel called “Von Dom”. During the First and Second World Wars, the Boxer was used as a messenger dog: it carried communication cables and pulled the bodies of wounded soldiers back to the battlefield.
Today, it is still used as a police dog in some countries of the world.
He is ranked 9th among the most popular breeds of the FCI and AKC. Also, he has been involved in the birth of several other breeds of dogs, such as the Cordoba fighting dog, the Guatemalan Great Dane, the bull boxer, and the boxer Akita Inu.
In this sheet, we will tell you everything about the Boxer, from his character, his diet, through his training and education. In summary, here is the description of the Boxer dog breed.
Origin of the boxer
The oldest ancestors of the boxer are two German hounds: the Bullenbeisser and the barenbeisser. Nevertheless, our boxers hold more of the smaller Bullenbeisser: the Bullenbeisser Brabant.
These ancestors of the boxer were hunting dogs that helped hunters by chasing and catching prey. They were resistant, strong, with a great impulse. Sometime later, the boxer’s ancestors were crossed with the English bulldog and began to be used to control herds of cattle, becoming what are colloquially known as “sheepdogs”. As they were easy to train, they were used in circuses and to participate in shows.
Three Germans, Roberth, Konig, and Hopner decided to establish a breed standard in 1894. The following year, they exhibited it at the Munich dog show. In 1896, they founded the first Boxer Club. In 1904, the first dog card of the boxer dog was registered, defining the breed standard according to the conditions that the boxer had to meet, such as being a working dog, for example.
The origin of the name is still unclear, some hypotheses have been put forward to clarify the origin of the name “boxer” :
-Some authors have suggested that the name “boxer” came from the blows that this dog gave with his paws when he was fighting, like a boxer in the ring. This is certainly an attitude peculiar to this breed since their physiognomy pushes them to use their hind legs a lot. However, this hypothesis is unlikely since the strong German nationalism of the time would not have allowed an English name to be given to a 100% German dog.
-Another hypothesis: the word “boxer” would come from “boxl” which was the common name for Brabant Bullenbeisser. This idea is likely to close to reality.
Physical characteristics of the boxer
The boxer is a medium-sized dog. He has a large and heavy head and a powerful mandible. His muzzle is small and has a kind of mask covering it. Before people used to cut off their ears and tail, today this practice is forbidden and most breeders fight against it.
His blow is strong, rounded, and muscular, just like his hind legs. Its chest is broad and gives it a great presence. The hair is generally short, glossy, and soft. The colors of the boxer vary from brown to black, including the tiger. Some are sometimes spotted and others are all white (albino). The latter, although existing, are not accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.
The height at the withers of the males varies between 57 and 63cm. For females, the height at the withers is between 53 and 59 cm. The average weight of adult males is around 30kg, while females generally weigh 25kg.
Characteristics of the boxer
The good sense of smell of the boxers and their great courage in an emergency make them perfect “fire dogs”. His qualities are numerous and he is also loyal, vigilant, and active.
It is a docile dog, loyal to its family and incapable of harming them. He is sometimes overprotective if he notices aggressive behavior in the surroundings. They have great respect for their owners and are patient with children. The Boxer is a territorial and dominant dog that alerts on the presence of intruders.
He is a very curious dog who knows how to create a very emotional bond with his masters that he will never leave and that he will try never to make them angry. It is necessary to socialize him properly from an early age so that his integration and development with humans and dogs is optimal. He can be a little rough when he plays, without any bad intentions nevertheless.
The boxer is an excellent therapy dog since he has real qualities such as empathy, good relations to the environment, disinhibition, spontaneity, and the fact that his physical contact reduces stress.
Boxers have excellent relationships with children, they are known for their patience and willingness to play with the smallest ones in the house.
As far as relationships with other dogs are concerned, when he is not sufficiently socialized and not sterilized, he can be dominant (especially with other males), although generally he behaves very well with other animals and interacts with them without any problems, always looking for play.
The boxer needs two to three walks a day in addition to physical exercise. He will exercise by running, picking up objects that make noises, developing his muscles. Their diet must be controlled and adequate so that they do not become overweight or anorexic.
It is essential to stimulate him mentally and physically so that he is fully happy. The well-socialized boxer tends to make friends easily with other animals and loves nature and sniffing plants and other objects. He can adapt to life in an apartment, just like in a house, if he is out regularly, of course.
The boxer will appreciate it if you take care of his claws and clean his eyes and chops. Find out how to take care of your boxer’s hair in this article. You will need to bath him once a month. Beware of baths for the little ones, you must be careful not to damage or eliminate the natural protection of his skin.
He is ranked 48th on the list of the most intelligent dogs, but despite this, thanks to the bond he creates with his masters, he will be able to respond actively to games and orders, although he will certainly need more time than other breeds. During his training, it is imperative to use positive reinforcement with dog treats, they will increase his interest in addition to strengthening the bonds between you.
The boxer can learn a multitude of commands, such as sit, paw, stretch, turn, bring toys, don’t move. It is a very obedient dog. Moreover, he will love to feel useful by doing “BA” inside the house such as warning of the coming or approach of strangers or protecting the smallest in the house by showing great courage in all circumstances.
You must be careful with extreme heat and exercise because sometimes they don’t breathe properly and can quickly get heatstroke. Let’s not forget that this is a molluscoid.
Although the life expectancy of a boxer is around 10 years, a happy and well-treated boxer can live between 13 and 15 years. This breed is prone to cancer and, to a lesser extent, heart disease and epilepsy. Also, watch out for food allergies.
Their skin is delicate and if they don’t have a comfortable bed or if they are forced to spend a lot of time outside, they may suffer from calluses on their elbows. This is a dog that should have a resting area inside the house.
* He’s very sensitive to the barking of other dogs.
*The boxer never gives up during a fight, he’s very brave.
*The boxer is not generally considered a *dangerous breed of dog, nevertheless there are countries where this is the case. Inform yourself before you travel with him.
*Patient, sociable and well-balanced, he loves to play and has a lot of fun with children.
*He is a very clean dog that will take time to clean himself.
*Very good guard dog.